A day after an attack outside a Jewish school here killed a rabbi and three young children, French authorities offered fresh details on Tuesday of an assault that has stunned the nation and terrorized the city, saying the lone gunman seemed to be filming his actions as he coolly shot his victims to death.
Philippe Desmazes/Agence France-Presse ? Getty Images
Police officers stood guard outside the Ozar Hatorah school, where a gunman killed four people, on Tuesday.
Claude Gu?ant, the interior minister, told a French radio station that surveillance footage from the school?s security cameras showed what appeared to be a video camera strapped to his chest ? adding a lurid detail to the most deadly attack against Jews in France in 30 years.
With the nation?s terrorism alert at its highest level ? ?scarlet? ?the French authorities pursued a broad and high-profile search on Tuesday for the man, but Mr. Gu?ant said little was known.
The attack has been linked to two earlier shootings of French paratroopers, with the police saying that the same gun, a .45-caliber automatic pistol, was used in all three assaults. Authorities have also said that the modus operandi was the same ? a man on a powerful motorbike, also the same in each instance, who killed and then fled.
President Nicolas Sarkozy has called the shooting a ?national tragedy? and ordered a minute?s silence to be observed at schools across France at 11 a.m.
The ?scarlet? alert level, just one step short of a formal state of emergency, gives security forces wide powers that include the authority to close some public places like railroad stations and deploy mixed patrols of police officers and soldiers, news reports said.
On Monday, Mr. Sarkozy also said he had sent gendarmes and riot police officers to guard all Jewish and Muslim schools and places of worship in the region until the killer is stopped.
The local prosecutor, Michel Valet, said that a religious instructor, his two children and another child, the daughter of the school?s director, were killed in Monday?s attack and that a 17-year-old boy was seriously wounded. The killer ?shot at everything he could see, children and adults, and some children were chased into the school,? Mr. Valet said.
The suspect pursued his last victim, an 8-year-old girl, into the concrete courtyard, seizing and stopping her by her hair, said Nicole Yardeni, who leads the regional branch of the Crif, France?s most prominent Jewish association, and who viewed video surveillance footage of the killing.
His gun appeared to jam at that point, Ms. Yardeni said. Still holding the girl, the killer then changed weapons, from what police identified as a 9 millimeter pistol to the .45-caliber. He shot her in the head and left, never removing his motorcycle helmet.
?It is unbearable that someone could dehumanize children to this point,? Ms. Yardeni said, choking back tears.
Antiterrorism magistrates arrived from Paris to take charge of the investigation into all three shootings on Monday, officials said, working under the belief that a single suspect carried out the attacks.
On Monday, the killer arrived and fled on a motorbike, following the same approach used in the two previous attacks. In those shootings, a man wearing a motorcycle helmet killed three French paratroopers and critically wounded another. The soldiers were all Arab or black, and appeared to have been targeted specifically, witnesses said.
?We know that it is the same person, the same arm that killed the soldiers, the children and a teacher,? President Sarkozy, said Monday night.
?We are faced with an individual who targets his victims specifically,? said ?lisabeth Allannic, a spokeswoman for the Paris prosecutor?s office, which is handling the investigation. ?He targets his victims for what they represent.? The interior minister, Claude G?ant, said it was worrying that the gunman seemed to act with impunity and coldness, and that he clearly had a sophisticated knowledge of weapons.
Immediately after the shooting Monday morning, leading politicians and Jewish community leaders descended on the school, Ozar Hatorah, a low-slung brick and stucco complex in a quiet warren of residential streets known as La Roseraie, or the Rose Garden, just outside downtown Toulouse. A tall, white corrugated metal wall fences the school off from the street; six bullet holes, numbered by the police, were visible in the wall.
Officials identified the victims as Rabbi Jonathan Sandler, 30, a religious instructor at the school; his two sons, Arye, 6, and Gabriel, 3; and Miriam Monsonego, 8, who is the daughter of the school principal, Yaacov Monsonego.
Rabbi Sandler came to Toulouse from Jerusalem with his family in July to teach at the school, a friend said. The Israeli Foreign Ministry said that the rabbi was a French citizen but that his wife was Israeli and that their children had dual nationality. Israel announced that in accordance with the wishes of the families, the victims would be flown to Israel on Tuesday for burial.
Another student, 17, a boy, was said to be wounded and in critical condition at a local hospital.
?The community is in shock,? said Ari? Bensemhoun, a Jewish leader in Toulouse. About 20,000 Jews live in Toulouse, Mr. Bensemhoun said, a tight-knit network confronted with what he characterized as regular anti-Semitic violence and vandalism in recent years in this area of southwest France, where there are also many Muslim immigrants.
Security cameras were installed at Ozar Hatorah about 10 years ago, after a string of anti-Semitic incidents, apparently linked to the second?Palestinian?intifada, recalled Alain Assraf, 53, whose children were students there at the time.
About 550,000 Jews are estimated to live in France, the largest Jewish population in Europe.
There has been no claim of responsibility for any of the murders, though there has been some speculation that the killings might be tied to the court-martial several years ago of a group neo-Nazi soldiers who had been members of the 17th Parachute Transport Regiment. Three of the four soldiers attacked in recent days were members of that unit.
The shooting on Monday was the deadliest anti-Semitic attack in France since 1982, when the Chez Jo Goldenberg restaurant in Paris was bombed at lunchtime, killing 6 people and wounding 22. In 1980, a terrorist group attacked a Jewish synagogue on the Rue Copernic in Paris, killing 4 people and wounding about 40.
The French authorities ordered heightened security and surveillance for all religious schools after the shooting. Mr. Sarkozy and his main rival for the presidency, Fran?ois Hollande, both broke off their political campaigns to rush to the scene.
On Monday evening, Mr. Sarkozy and Mr. Hollande joined numerous other political leaders and public officials at a memorial service at the Nazareth Synagogue in Paris. The congregation sang psalms, but the politicians did not speak.
Ozar Hatorah?is a Jewish society promoting religious education among young people, especially in the Middle East, northern Africa and among the Sephardic Jews in France.
The authorities have been hunting for the gunman since the soldiers were killed last week, and the military has told soldiers not to wear uniforms in public.
The wave of killings has stunned and infuriated France, prompting tense speculation about its cause. Even before the shooting on Monday, there was discussion about a possible racial or ethnic component to the attacks. Speculation over the motives for the killings ranged from anger at Muslims fighting in Afghanistan ? the unit of three of the soldiers has been deployed there ? and anti-Semitism, to a hatred of immigrants.
Leaders from across the globe condemned the killings, including representatives of the Vatican and the White House. The Israeli ambassador to France, Yossi Gal, also traveled to Toulouse from Paris on Monday.
The front page of Tuesday?s Lib?ration, the leftist daily national newspaper, showed only the names and ages of the seven victims, as well as the dates they were killed, against a black background.
Le Figaro, the rightist daily newspaper, also devoted its front page to the killings on Tuesday, with a page-width headline reading, ?France Horrified.?